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Acute Coronary Syndrome and the 3 Different Types of Heart Attacks
Published by: Aaryan Smith` (16) on Wed, Feb 7, 2018  |  Word Count: 455  |  Comments ( 0)  l  Rating
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Overview

Heart attacks are a form of syndrome known as acute coronary syndrome or ACS. These occur when the heart doesn’t get enough blood supply. This is often a result of the arteries which carry blood, oxygen and nutrients getting blocked. The medical name for heart attack is myocardial infarction.

According to heart specialists in Darbhanga, most people don’t know that there are actually 3 types of heart attacks. The 3 types of heart attacks are:

1. ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)
2. Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)
3. Coronary spasm, or unstable angina

This article will shed light on these 3 types of heart attacks.

The 3 Types of Heart Attacks

1. The STEMI: This is what you would call the ‘classic’ heart attack. This is what people are referring to when they think of a heart attack. A STEMI occurs when a coronary becomes completely blocked, and a large portion of the heart muscle completely stops receiving blood. Also known as a major heart attack, it can cause significant damage and is a serious condition.

2. The NSTEMI: Unlike in a STEMI, in this type of heart attack, the coronary artery is only partially blocked. A coronary angiograph can show the degree to which the artery is blocked. Although there isn’t as much damage as in a STEMI, a NSTEMI is still serious and dangerous.

3. The Coronary Artery Spasm (CAS): Also known as a silent heart attack, this happens when the heart’s arteries tighten to the point that blood flow stops or becomes drastically reduced. There is no blockage in this type of heart attack. A CAS doesn’t cause permanent damage but it does increase the risk of a major heart attack in the future if no medical help is taken.

Treatment

The cardiologists in Darbhanga say that they carry out certain steps immediately as immediate treatment of a person suffering from a heart attack.
These include:

• Aspirin to prevent blood clotting
• Nitro-glycerine to relieve chest pain and improve blood flow
• Oxygen therapy

Once the patient is stable, medications will be prescribed. People with less severe heart attacks may be prescribed these medications without the immediate treatment mentioned above. These include:

• Clot busters to dissolve clots that are blocking arteries
• Blood pressure medications to help reduce the heart’s workload and control blood pressure
• Blood thinners to prevent blood clots
• Statins to help lower LDL cholesterol

A hospital in Darbhanga has some of the best heart specialists in Darbhanga and is the best cardiac treatment hospital in the adjacent areas of Bihar and Jharkhand.
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